In the cost of shipping, in addition to the sea freight, a series of expenses on the "box" also occupy a large proportion, which cannot be underestimated. What are the costs of the “box”?
1.Drop box fee
When the box entered the port, the terminal was not open for collection and could not enter the port. The team can't put the box on the set card, and there are other boxes to be towed, so they will find a place to drop the box and wait for the port area to open and then drag it in. At this time, there will be a drop-in fee.
2.Prepaid box fee
The pre-lifting box is usually required to be picked up before the normal pick-up date in order to obtain the box number, fill in the manifest or other information. The expenses incurred at this time are called pre-funding charges.
In order to speed up the flow of containers and avoid backlogs, the shipping company has set a free period of use for containers. Within this time limit, the goods occupying the container can be free of charge. If the goods occupy the container, the fixed cost will be charged. This is the “demurrage fee”.
The demurrage fee is calculated on a daily basis. Exports are generally 7 days. In the case of imports, there is often a demurrage fee, and within a few days after the ship is docked (for example, ten days), the box can be used free of charge, and the fee will be charged if the time is exceeded. Therefore, after the ship arrives in Hong Kong, it must complete the import clearance and arrange the delivery in time, and return the empty container to the designated place of the shipping company in time. The free use time of the special container is shorter. Of course, different shipping companies have different regulations, and the specific number of days should be asked to the shipping company. If it is the customer's SOC box, there is no demurrage fee.
After the packing, the container of the ship has not yet opened, and the terminal is not allowed to enter the port. The cost of entering the port in advance if the application is allowed. If the port has not arrived yet, and it is urgent to operate in advance, how should the pre-entry fee and the drop-off fee be chosen?
The cost of dropping the box depends on the team. The charging standards of each team are different, and the peak period will also rise. Pre-entry is generally more fixed and definitely cheaper than drop-off, but not all port areas can be advanced. From the perspective of safety, it is also preferred to pre-entry, which can avoid the next day's emergencies and is highly safe.
5.Reverse box fee
The cost of moving containers. The cost of the reverse box is generally due to the change of the ship. The general position of the container on the ship is planned. Once the ship change occurs, it is inevitable to reverse the box. For example, in the shipping process, each sea area has requirements for ship tonnage and route. Some ships are not suitable for some routes or do not take a certain route, or it is not economical to take a certain route, which will cause the goods to be transferred to other ships.
6.Carrying case fee
From the station to the cost of the container to the customs inspection.
A charge for carrying a container back to the container truck after the goods are cleared.
After the imported goods are pulled to the factory, the cost of emptying the container is required to unload the container, and the export is reversed. In the export freight, if the factory or freight forwarder has already brought the box out of the yard, but for some reason (such as the goods can not catch up), and finally did not box, resulting in the container empty return, the shipping company will charge the factory a fee. The cost is generally 80% of the cost of the trailer. This fee is called “return fee” or return fee”.